The Scots have for millennia been independent-minded, today demonstrated in a national yearning for political independence. But these courageous Celts, along with their beloved heather, pipes and tartan, have also held a strong Christian faith. Celtic Christianity was introduced to Scotland by Columba, from Ireland, in the fifth century. Iona was a staging post for the Christianisation of Scotland. When after the Synod of Whitby (663-64), as King Oswiu accepted the jurisdiction of the church of Rome, the original Celtic Christianity retreated to Scotland and Wales. Among the Scots, many remained faithful to the teachings of the apostolic church, for example, observing the seventhday of the week as the Sabbath.
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